This book aims to examine key concepts and issues of early childhood education and care. It is divided into four key areas: child development and learning, socio-cultural contexts and the views of the child that it holds within these, international education approaches and professional practice of early childhood. Each part unfolds around five chapters written by a diverse and experienced author team. The book helps early childhood studies students to connect with critical and contemporary theory, research and educational aspects of early years practices and applications at national and international levels. It focuses on the importance of early childhood studies and practice of offering a variety of topics to support students with their professional development in broader cultural contexts.