Conference Papers

Validating a Plagiarism Scale: A Middle Eastern Context

This study aims to validate a scale measuring university students’ attitude towards plagiarism in a Middle Eastern Arabic speaking context. We used Koul’s (2007) plagiarism survey to collect data from both public and private university students between 2015-2016. Using confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory factor analysis and reliability tests, our 517-response sample revealed that plagiarism is a three rather than six-factor variate comprising: Use of social acquaintances to avoid academic failure, reliance on professional/academic sources, and personal circumstances. Further, our findings revealed that students tend to be indifferent regarding personal circumstances (t = 1.663, p > .05). However, our participants considered plagiarism by using social acquaintances to avoid academic failure as unethical (t = 18.664, p < .0001), whereas, they would regard plagiarism by relying on professional/academic sources as an ethical practice (t = -3.960, p < .0001).

Mahmoud, A., Blinkhorn, V. and O'Siochru, C. (2018) 'Validating a Plagiarism Scale: A Middle Eastern Context', paper presented to The 14th Annual Conference of the British Education Studies Association (BESA), 27–29 June, viewed 09 August 2020, <>